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The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences



 Abstract

Complementarity is currently used as both a cause for enhanced ecosystem functioning and a consequence of some community process.

Using complementarity as a cause and a consequence makes it difficult to disentangle individual causes such as resource partitioning, abiotic facilitation, and biotic feedbacks.

There is strong evidence that resource partitioning, abiotic facilitation, and biotic feedbacks occur in grassland systems but there is little evidence that explicitly ties them to the consequence of enhanced ecosystem functioning.

Interactions between resource partitioning, abiotic facilitation, and biotic feedbacks may make the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship stronger.

Ecological gradients such as stress, enemies, and resources may allow us to disentangle the contributions of resource partitioning, abiotic facilitation, and biotic feedbacks to enhanced ecosystem functioning.

Citation:

Barry, K. E., Mommer, L., van Ruijven, J., Wirth, C., Wright, A. J., Bai, Y. et al. (2019). The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 34(2), 167-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013

 

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